Speech-to-Speech Translation (S2ST) technologies are an effective means to break through language barriers between people who do not speak the same language.
- Protocols to be used between S2ST modules as ITU-T Recommendations F.745 (Published ) and H.625 (Pre-published ) in October 2010 .
- The establishment of the Universal Speech Translation Advanced Research (U-STAR) Consortium was established as an international research collaboration entity to develop a universal network-based speech-to-speech translation system.
- Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR)
- Machine Translation (MT)
- Text-to-Speech (TTS)